I originally posted this information on my old website on March 26, 2009. I have since updated it.
Amtrak's first new passenger cars were the Amfleet I series of coaches and food service cars built by the Budd Corporation and delivered from 1975 to 1977. Originally the coaches were called Amcoaches and the food service cars were called Amcafes, Amdinettes and Amclubs. Those names were eventually dropped. Most of these cars are still in service today, though they have been renumbered and rebuilt many times, making an accurate all-time roster difficult to determine. (There was also a later group of Amfleet II coaches and lounge cars, but I am not including them here.)
According to a 1977 Amtrak Amfleet Announcement, there were originally 492 Amfleet I cars: 406 Amcoaches and 86 Amcafes. The 1977 announcement didn't give the actual numbers of the cars. According to the Amtrak Car and Locomotive Spotter, Revised Fourth Edition, the original Amfleet I roster was as follows:
|20000-20053||54||Amcafé (55 Coach Seats+Mid-Car Bar)|
|20110-20146||37||Amclub (18 Club Seats+28 Coach Seats)|
|20200-20233||34||Amdinette (32-Seat Dinette+23 Coach Seats)|
|20675-20677||3||Amclub (33 Club Seats)|
|20750-20752||3||Amdinette (32-Seat Dinette+20 Coach Seats)|
This roster does give a total of 492 cars, however it doesn't match the breakdown of 406 Amcoaches and 86 Amcafes as stated in the 1977 announcement. But, if the Amclub cars are counted as coaches, it would come close, with 401 coaches & club cars, and 91 cafe and dinette cars. However, five of the partial Amclub cars were reconfigured to full Amclub cars not long after delivery. This doesn't actually change the totals, but if the five full Amclub cars had instead been reconfigured from Amcafe or Amdinette cars, and all the Amclub cars were counted as coaches, the breakdown would have matched the one listed in the 1977 announcement. Perhaps Amtrak's plans changed slightly between the announcement and the changes.
Over the years, Amfleet I cars were rebuilt and renumbered for various reasons. Cars that were equipped for Push/Pull service (with a locomotive on one end of the train and a cab car at the other, allowing the train to run in either direction without being turned) were numbered into various series in the 40000s and a rebuilding program in the early 2000s saw many of the cars renumbered into the 80000s. Other renumberings occurred when cars were made ADA accessible, assigned to Metroliner service, and/or configured as Business Class cars. The following roster lists all the number series that Amfleet I cars carried. Not all of the numbers in some of these series were used. The numbers that were the original numbers are in bold.
|20250-series||48250-series||Dinette (Business Class)|
|20675-series||Club (Partial) (Long-Distance)|
|48950-series||Metroliner Club (Full) (Temporary)|
|20970-series||48970-series||Metroliner Club (Full)|
|21700-series||44700-series||ADA Coach (Business Class)|
|21800-series||44800-series||60-Seat Coach (Long-Distance)|
|81000-series||81500-series||Regional Coach (Business Class)|
I don't have enough information to construct a complete Amfleet I roster, but based mostly on data from On Track On Line, I have made up the following rosters of Amfleet I cars. They are not complete, but I am putting them online in the hope that someone will be able to use them. The numbers that are original are in bold, and all the other cars would have had to be renumbered from them. In many cases, renumberings were done so that a car's last two or three digits would stay the same, especially the renumberings for Push/Pull and ADA. Numbers in black are numbers that were actually used, based on information from On Track On Line or pictures from various sites. Numbers in grey may or may not have been used.
Click on the following link to go to the roster:
With the release of Amtrak By The Numbers by David C. Warner, all of this effort became unnecessary, as this book has a complete Amtrak roster.
Amtrak Rolling Stock Roster at On Track On Line
Amtrak Rolling Stock Roster at On Track On Line at the Internet Archive: 2000-2003
Amtrak Equipment Roster at On Track On Line at the Internet Archive: 2003-Present
List of Amtrak cars from nycsubway.org
Amtrak Car Fleet as of 1/15/88
2003 Amfleet I roster from the Amtrak Unlimited Forum
Original Amfleet I roster from the railroad.net forum
Topic at the railroad.net forums that has Amfleet roster info
December ‘83 Arkansas Railroader with Amtrak roster (PDF)
Text of Amtrak's 1977 Amfleet Announcement from TrainWeb
Amtrak Photo Archive
Amtrak Passenger Equipment at Fallen Flag Railroad Photos
Amtrak Amfleet Cars at the Passenger Car Photo Index